|Wal Thornhill on Gravity. From Holoscience.com
"...The equivalence of inertial
and gravitational mass implies that gravity is also
an electrical force. Before Einstein, some noted scientists
were suggesting that the gravitational force between
neutral particles might ultimately be due to electrical
polarization within the particles. In 1882, Friedrich
Zöllner wrote in the introduction to his book,
Explanation of Universal Gravitation through the Static
Action of Electricity and The General Importance of
Weber's Laws, "
we are to conclude that a
pair of electrical particles of opposite signs, i.e.
two Weberian molecular pairs attract each other. This
attraction is Gravity, it is proportional to the number
of molecular pairs." Indeed, gravity can be represented
as the sum of the radially aligned electric dipoles
formed by all subatomic particles within a charged planet
"This new electrical concept suggests
that Newton's "universal constant of gravitation,"
or "G," is a dependent variable. G depends
upon the charge distribution within a celestial body.
Highly charged objects like comets look like solid rock,
yet they have a gravitational field that suggests they
are fluff-balls. And as they discharge they suffer what
is euphemistically called "non-gravitational"
accelerations. The extreme weakness of the force of
gravity, compared to the electric force, is a measure
of the minuscule electric dipolar distortion of nucleons.
Gravity cannot be shielded by normal electrostatic shielding
because all subatomic particles within the gravitational
field respond to the dipolar distortion, whether they
are metals or non-metals.
"What about magnetism? Ampere's
law for the magnetic force between two current carrying
wires is found to be equivalent to the transverse electric
force caused by the distortion of electrons in an electric
field. This distortion causes them to form tiny collinear
electric dipoles. That is, the magnetic force is simply
another manifestation of the electric force.
"This simple electrical model of
matter has the great virtue of reducing all known forces
to a single one the electric force. However,
it has a price. We must abandon our peculiar phobia
against a force acting at a distance. And we must give
up the notion that the speed of light is a real speed
barrier. It may seem fast to us, but on a cosmic scale
it is glacial. Imposing such a speed limit and requiring
force to be transmitted by particles would render the
universe completely incoherent. If an electron is composed
of smaller subunits of charge orbiting within the classical
radius of an electron, then the electric force must
operate at a speed far in excess of the speed of light
for the electron to remain a coherent object. In fact,
it has been calculated that if released, the subunits
of charge in the electron could travel from here to
the far side of the Andromeda galaxy in one second!
"We have direct evidence of the
superluminal action of the electric force, given that
gravity is a longitudinal electric force. Indeed, Newton's
celebrated equation requires that gravity act instantly
on the scale of the solar system. It has been calculated
that gravity must operate at a speed of at least 2x1010
times the speed of light, otherwise closely orbiting
stars would experience a torque that would sling them
apart in mere hundreds of years. Similarly, the Earth
responds to the gravitational pull of the Sun where
it is at the moment, not where the Sun was 8 minutes
ago. If this were not so, the Earth and all other planets
in the solar system would be slung into deep space within
a few thousand years. Gravity is therefore an electrical
property of matter, not a geometrical property of space.
"What is the nature of light? Einstein's
special theory of relativity was disconfirmed right
at the start by the Michelson-Morley experiment, which
showed a residual due to the æther. This was later
confirmed by far more rigorous repeats of the experiment
by Dayton Miller. But by then popular delusion and the
madness of crowds had taken hold and contrary evidence
would not be tolerated. The Dayton Miller story makes
interesting reading. If it weren't for the extraordinary
power of self-delusion, commonsense would tell us that
a wave cannot exist in nothing. So Maxwell was right,
light is a transverse electromagnetic wave moving through
a medium, the æther.
"But what is the æther? In
the vacuum of space, each cubic centimetre is teeming
with neutrinos. And since neutrinos are resonant orbiting
systems of charge, like all matter, they will respond
to the electric force by distorting to form a weak electric
dipole aligned with the electric field. The speed of
light in a vacuum is therefore a measure of the delay
in response of the neutrino to the electric force.
"What about the bending of starlight
by the Sun, which discovery raised Einstein to megastar
status? The residual found in the Michelson-Morley experiments
shows that the Earth and all ponderable bodies "drag"
the æther along with them. The bending of starlight
near the Sun is simply the effect expected of an extensive
neutrino atmosphere held to the Sun by gravity. Light
will be slowed in the denser medium causing normal
refraction or bending of light..."
"The machines that are first invented to perform any
particular movement are always the most complex, and succeeding artists generally
discover that with fewer wheels, with fewer principles of motion than had originally
been employed, the same effects may be more easily produced.
" The first philosophical
systems, in the same manner, are always the most complex."
The fact that an
opinion has been widely held is no evidence whatever
that it is not utterly absurd; indeed in view of the
silliness of the majority of mankind, a widespread belief
is more likely to be foolish than sensible." Bertrand